Sovereignty is understood in jurisprudence as the full right and power of a governing body to govern itself without any interference from outside sources or bodies. In political theory, sovereignty is a substantive term designating supreme authority over some polity. It is a basic principle underlying the dominant Westphalian model of state foundation.
Derived from Latin through French souveraineté, its attainment and retention, in both Chinese and Western culture, has traditionally been associated with certain moral imperatives upon any claimant.
The concept of sovereignty has been discussed throughout history, from the time before recorded history through to the present day. It has changed in its definition, concept, and application throughout, especially during the Age of Enlightenment. The current notion of state sovereignty contains four aspects consisting of territory, population, authority and recognition. According to Stephen D. Krasner, the term could also be understood in four different ways:
Sovereign would have given each player a home world, to which their forces would retreat when the players signed off. Thus, the developers hoped to prevent players from losing their hard-won resources and valuable units when they signed off. The actual battles would be fought on different planets, each one holding from 15 to 500 players, depending on the size of the planet. A system of specialization would affect how well players did in battle, as well as how effective players were in trading and diplomacy. The game ultimately never made it out of the early development stages and was cancelled in 2003.
Jubilant Newcastle fans descended on St James' Park on Sunday to celebrate a new era for the club under the ownership of the Saudi sovereign wealth fund..","content"."Jubilant Newcastle fans descended on St James' Park on Sunday to celebrate a new ...
Thorne HealthTech's Summerville building was the priciest among the South Carolina industrial properties that a Singapore sovereign wealth fund bought this month ...Against that backdrop, White isn't at all surprised that "a sovereign wealth fund from Singapore is being advised to invest in industrial real estate" in places like South Carolina ... .
Saudi Arabia’s sovereign wealth fund, the Public Investment Fund (PIF), has launched a new tourism project inspired by offshore oil platforms ... #PIF announces “THE RIG.” Project. The world’s first tourism destination inspired by offshore oil platforms. Read more ... .
LONDON. After decades in the football wilderness, a new era of hope begins on Sunday for the long-suffering fans of Newcastle United football club ...James’ Park stadium for the team’s first match since this month’s $410 million takeover led by Saudi Arabia’s sovereign wealth fund, the Public Investment Fund. Sunday’s challenge could hardly be tougher.
The state-owned sovereign wealth fund is run by Rumayyan and chaired by the crown prince ... – who is formally referred to in memos as “his excellency” and the “supervisor” of the PIF – to transfer 20 companies to the sovereign wealth fund as part of the anti-corruption campaign.
Riyadh. Saudi Arabia’s Public Investment Fund (PIF) on Saturday announced the launch of “THE RIG”, a new tourism project inspired by offshore oil platforms ... #PIF announces “THE RIG.” Project ... Read more ... A statement from the PIF said ... The Public Investment Fund of Saudi Arabia is one of the largest sovereign wealth funds in the world ... .
Yasir al-Rumayyan, Newcastle’s new chairman who also runs Riyadh’s Public Investment Fund (PIF), was ordered to seize and transfer 20 companies to the sovereign wealth fund in 2017, the Guardian reported ... The PIF, which MBS chairs, came under intense scrutiny during negotiations for the Newcastle sale ... ....
MUMBAI ... MORE FROM THIS SECTIONSee All ...Premium Premium Alibaba faces new threat ... Last month, Mint reported that roads platform Cube Highways is in talks with pension funds and sovereign wealth funds to raise as much as $1 billion through an InvIT, which will comprise the largest portfolio of privately held road assets in the country. .
(Bloomberg) -- Saudi Arabia has slapped several technology firms, including Uber Technologies Inc ... Most Read from Bloomberg. The Biggest PublicGraveyard in the U.S ... The U.K ... Read more ... Saudi Arabia’s sovereign wealth fund owns a nearly 4% stake in Uber, and the fund’s governor, a top adviser to the Saudi crown prince, has a seat on the company’s board.
... sovereign wealth fund took control of the club.","content"."A new era beckons for Newcastle on Sunday when a packed St James' Park will witness the Magpies' first match since a takeover led by the Saudi sovereign wealth fund took control of the club.